Article II, Section 1

The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President.

The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:–“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”

Published on October 25, 2011 at 12:50 pm  Comments (1)  

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  1. The first section of Article II, Section 1 gives the direction to each state in how to determine how many electors they are allowed to have. This number must equal the sum of the Senators and Representatives. This section is also careful to state that no one holding an office in the U.S. can be counted as an elector. The next section specifies that after choosing the electors, they will in their home states vote for (2) or more persons at one not living or from the same state. After the voting process over each state will submit a certified and sealed document to the President of the Senate. This document will contain the a list for the people voted for and a tally of how voter each person received. These documents will be read openly in front of the House. The person with the majority of the electoral votes will be declared the President. The decision for Vice President will be take on the same process.
    Congress gets to choose a centralized date for each state to hand in their votes.
    In this section it specifies that in order to become president you must have the following qualifications:
    1- Born in the United States
    2- A citizen in the United States and have lived in
    the United state for a minimum of (14) years

    Another portion of this section, breaks down what will happen if the president is unable to fulfill his duties. Congress will declare the President unfit, disable, or dead. In case of any of the above mentioned the Vice president will take over until Congress declares the President not disabled or we have another president.

    The President will be paid a salary for his services. The amount paid will not change during his term in office. The president will not be able to accept any money directly for himself from any state or country.

    The last portion of Article II, Section 1 includes an oath that each president must recite in order to be sworn into office.

    Article II, Section 1 is a way to in place a formal way of electing a president. Making the process a law puts in a place each body of the government jobs in a sequence. Each portion of the process checks itself. i find it interesting that each process kind of hangs on the other. This section seems like they wanted the office of president to be handed to someone that has a sense of nationalism. They didn’t want a foreigner rule over what they where trying to make uniquely their own. Making the amount of time in this state as arbitrary as 14 years to be considered a candidate says it all. I guess they figured in 14 years you would acquire some loyalty to the United State that would be un wavering. It is also the same a amount of years we spent in school to learn about the United States.

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